Afif M. Abdel Nour

Afif Abdel NourAfif M. Abdel Nour has a Ph.D. in Nutrigenomics and specializes in applied genetic techniques. He obtained his master’s in molecular microbiology at Pasteur Institute Lille, France, and his Ph.D. degree at AgroParisTech, Paris France. He was an associate professor in France, Lebanon and Saudi Arabia and published 40+ articles. He worked as a workflow marketing director at Bio-Rad where he strived to find full solutions for the genetic applications helping researches from more than 100 countries. He acts as an executive consultant for many international and national companies. Currently, he is working as an assistant dean for industrial relations at the School of Engineering, the Holy Spirit University of Kaslik, Lebanon.


Entrepreneurship is a fundamental component of economies. Entrepreneurs introduce innovations into the business ecosystem and thrive to contribute towards higher productivity levels; thus boosting the economic growth (Carree & Thurik, 2010). Moreover, entrepreneurial activities increase competition in given economic systems. Inheriting businesses from parents forms a rational way of assuring the sustainability of a company. Companies like Wal-Mart, Mars, Novartis and Roche (to cite some) are living proof that family members are trained to take over the business and carry on the family tradition. This tradition can ensure that the original ideals and vision of the company remain intact.

This environment of excellency in business generation after generation is induced by different factors that can be classified into Nature vs Nurture scheme. The concept of nature versus nurture was one of the guiding principles in understanding human biology for centuries (Miller & Jones, 2014). Fields like health, diseases, nutrition and sports are well understood when this concept is applied. For instance, to understand the impact of nutrition, one should combine nature (genetic makeup of an individual or his gut Microbiota) and nurture (diet, sports activity, seasonal changes, social activities…). Traditionally, research on the determinants of entrepreneurship has focused on factors that are easy to observe, such as socio-demographics (van der Loos, Koellinger, Groenen, & Thurik, 2010). Recently, a group of researchers described the relation between genetics and entrepreneurship by describing the factors affecting it. In our quest to understand the microenvironment of a successful entrepreneur, we are developing factors that might enhance an individual to become a prosperous entrepreneur. We focused on two factors, genetic and nutrition, that could have positive impact on the selection of entrepreneurs.